More than 300 species of migratory birds pass through Jordan using two main corridors: the Rift Valley and the Eastern desert. However, habitat loss and degradation due to agriculture practices, as well as illegal hunting and trade, are putting increasing pressure on these birds.
In 2019, a study investigated the extent of illegal bird trade at Amman’s local market and online. 727 native birds from 15 families were counted in the local and online markets, with the White-spectacled bulbul (Pycnonotus xanthopygos) and Peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) identified as the most common listings, followed by Common kestrels (Falco tinnunculus) and Long-legged buzzards (Buteo rufinus).
The study highlights that many species are being targeted for illegal capture and trade, which can in turn impact other species. Although laws for native species in Jordan generally provide good protection at local and online markets, monitoring and enforcement in the eastern and southern desert are weak and need immediate attention from government and conservation organisations.
BirdLife’s Partner in Jordan, the RSCN, plays an important role in controlling illegal trade through continuous cooperation with government institutions and local communities Their work has resulted in many threatened species being granted protection on both national and international level.
Find the full report here.