With its two-metre wingspan, the flight of the Eastern Imperial Eagle is a striking sight. Equally impressive up close, it wears a regal crown of light gold upon its long brown body.

Unlike most eagles, it prefers open countryside, building its nest upon a tall tree with a clear view. But this powerful predator has become the prey. After decades of persecution by humans, the Eastern Imperial Eagle is now one of Europe’s rarest raptors.

The Eastern Imperial Eagle can migrate over huge distances, covering 8000 km in a few short weeks. While most populations breeding in Eastern Europe winter in the Middle East or Africa, not all migrate. Central European populations (in Hungary, Slovakia, Austria, Czech Republic) are mostly resident, though some younger birds head to the Balkans, or even Africa, for winter.

But nowhere is safe for this magnificent species. In Central Europe, the greatest human threat is poisoning – either resulting from accidental exposure to pest-control chemicals laid out for rodents, or from the intentional use of illegal poisoned baits deliberately targeting wolves, foxes or birds of prey. Sadly, like many large migratory birds, the Eastern imperial eagle regularly falls victim to electric powerlines. The species is also highly sensitive to human disturbance: critical nesting and foraging areas have been lost due to the increase of intensive farming and forestry since the 1950s.

For more information on the legislation covering this species, as well as maps and research, check out: http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/eastern-imperial-eagle-aquila-heliaca


  • Illegal shooting
  • Poisoning
August 16, 2021
The nest from afar and from real close (Photoy: Márton Horváth, BirdLife Hungary).

New world record! Four Eastern Imperial Eagle siblings successfully fledge in Hungary

article by PannonEagle Every year, BirdLife Hungary and the Hungarian National Park Directorates inspect all known Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) nests in the country. This summer, 137 eagle chicks were ringed, and three chicks were equipped with satellite transmitters.    During these annual […]
July 22, 2021
Eastern imperial eagle ©Arie Kolders

For the first time ever, two Eastern Imperial Eagle chicks have been tagged with satellite transmitters in Serbia

story by PannonEagle Mima and Mihajlo, the Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) chicks from Serbia will be monitored for the first time with the help of satellite […]
October 30, 2020
Stork slaughter in Lebanon photo by SPNL Society for the Protection of Nature Lebanon

How the illegal killing of birds is infecting social media

by Lilla Barabas, Ph.D. Project Coordinator for LIFE against bird crime at BirdLife Europe & Central Asia For as much pleasure as Facebook can bring in […]
September 21, 2020

What’s the EU ever done for birds? A lot, actually.

By Jessica Williams, Flyways Conservation Officer at BirdLife International@NatureEU As a nature protection NGO, we often get asked why the EU does not do more to […]